Lighthouses of PEI

There are 63 lighthouses on PEI according to a 2016 census with 35 still active and 7 which are privately owned.  How cool would that be to live in a lighthouse!  In no particular order are 10 favourites with location and a bit of history.

  1. West Point Lighthouse
    img234Located at 364 Cedar Dunes Park Road in O’Leary.  West Point is the tallest lighthouse at 60 feet, 8 inches and likely the most photographed.  Since it was restored in 1984, it operates as a museum and Country Inn open mid-June till the end of September.  Distinguished by it’s black horizontal banding.  This is the only Island lighthouse that had a dumb waiter which transported oil from the first floor to the fourth floor lightroom.  Due to some unusual unexplained happenings, the West Point Lighthouse had made a list of Canada’s most haunted places.  So for you adventurous types, another
    reason to go and check it out.

 


North Cape Lighthouse2.  North Cape Lighthouse – The biggest advantage of traveling through the western portion of Prince Edward Island to the northernmost tip is that it is much less frequented by tourists. The seacoast is spectacular and the fishing towns like Tignish have lobster, never a bad thing.
North Capes historic lighthouse was built in 1866 and still warning mariners off the treacherous rock reef at its base. The lighthouse is located on a narrow peninsula jutting northeast into the sea and exposed to the elements.  View the fabulous natural rock reef, walk along the beach at low tide, and check out the hundreds of inukshuks that have been built by previous visitors or build one yourself.  Fenced in and not the most attractive of lighthouses but the location is stunning.  Today the lighthouse is almost dwarfed by the giant telecommunications tower adjacent to the lighthouse, as well as the giant windmills at the Atlantic Wind Test Site.



3.  Cape Bear Lighthouse
– 42 Black Brook Road, Cape Bear. Cape Bear is located on the southeastern tip of Prince Edward Island. The coast consists of generally rugged red sandstone cliffs and small secluded beaches. Its high banks offer a good location for viewing seal. The Cape Bear Lighthouse has been in existence since 1881. The lighthouse is a square three story tower with a warning beacon on top. It has gabled windows at each level on three sides of the structure and is open to the public.  The Cape Bear Lighthouse is operated by a volunteer non-profit group, the Northumberland Community Development Corporation. It is open to the public during the summer months. Visitors can climb to the top of the tower to learn about the lighthouse and area. One of the highlights of the museum is a re-created telegraph office.

The "Cape Bear Light" painting captures the Cape Bear Lighthouse

claim to fame – received distress signal from the Titanic which sank off the coast of Newfoundland in 1912.

Painting on the right is by James Charles who gave me permission to post.  Prints are available from the artist.  Click on photo to visit his website.

 


 

4.  Panmure Island lighthouse – Octagonal in shape Panmure was the first wooden lighthouse on PEI – built in 1853 on Route 347 – 62 Lighthouse Road, Montague – In 1984 the Panmure Head lighthouse was recognized as a heritage site and the light was automated in 1985 when the lighthouse keeper retired.  In 2013 it received Official Designation as a Heritage Site.  Panmure Island LighthouseIn December of 2015 the Panmure Island Lighthouse Association, a community volunteer non-profit group, took over ownership of the lighthouse.  The beach, during the summer season has bathroom facilities and a little ice cream shack. It’s incredibly picturesque and not at all crowded.

 


 

5.  Wood Islands Lighthouse  173 Lighthouse Rd, Wood Islands.  Built in 1875-76, the Wood Islands Lighthouse is a well preserved three storey tower clad in cedar shingles with an adjoining one and one half storey keeper’s residence.  Great place to check out while you are waiting for the ferry to Nova Scotia. There is plenty of space to sit and relax and enjoy the view.  Interactive displays on rum running, sea glass, fishing, knot tying, audio interviews with lighthouse keepers, and a climb to the top of the light for some fantastic photo ops but be forewarned as the stairs are rather steep. Wood Island Lighthouse

In 1984 the bottom floor of the tower was renovated when a generator and fog alarm equipment were installed. Recognized as federal heritage building in 1992, it was moved inland 70 m (230 feet) in 2009 because of erosion.

In 1998, the Wood Islands and Area Development Cooperation opened the lighthouse to the public. Visitors will find a gift shop in the lighthouse along with a period bedroom, kitchen, and keeper’s quarters.  It also houses a collection relating to the history of the Norththumberland Ferry Service.  On September 25, 2013, the lighthouse was awarded a Provincial Designated Heritage Place plaque and certificate.


Seacow-Head6.  Sea Cow Head Lighthouse – 198 Lighthouse Road, Bedeque, PEI
photo reprinted with permission of the photographer Stephen Des Roches.  Please click on photo to visit his website.

Built in 1864, this octagonal wooden lighthouse has seen better days. What it does have going for it is great views of the Confederation bridge, it is very close to Summerside,  and has nice looking cliffs nearby. On the downside, the Lighthouse paint is peeling off and the parking area is just a circle of red dirt.

Automated in 1959, Seacow Head Lighthouse has been recognized as a heritage of Prince Edward Island place since October 2012.  Managed by the Canadian Coast Guard.  Mr. M.P. O’Raneghan, keeper of the Seacow Head light, was notable for his long tenure. He was appointed to Seacow Head on 21 April 1873 and served there at least 42 years.

The lighthouse appeared in several episodes of the television series Road to Avonlea


7.  Point Prim Lighthouse–  Point Prim Lighthouse has guided vessels through the southeastern entrance to Hillsborough Bay at the outer approach to Charlottetown Harbour since 1845 and is located at 2147 Point Prim Road, Belfast standing 18.2 m. tall. It is one of only a few circular brick lighthouses in Canada. The harsh weather took a toll on the brick and it had to be shingled just two years after construction. Automated in 1969.  In 2017 – With nearly $400,000 in federal funding, P.E.I.’s oldest lighthouse underwent a much needed makeover and now has washrooms.   Point Prim Lighthouse 1The parking lot was expanded and an open-air pavilion built for hosting events. The upgrades also included stonework along the shoreline to address erosion.  It is about 1/2 an hour drive from Charlottetown.  Open daily from 10 am – 6 pm in season.  Both the chowder house across the street and the bottle house down the road are worth a stop.  The lighthouse is leased by the Belfast Development Corporation and operated by the Point Prim/ Mount Buchans’ Women’s Institute. One of the interesting artefacts on display is an old fashioned fog alarm that is still in working order.


8.  Souris Lighthouse  – 134 Breakwater St., Souris. Built in 1880, Souris East Lighthouse is a white and red square tapered wood constructed tower on the cliff of Knight Point overlooking the town of Souris.  Lighthouse PaintingThe Souris East light station was the last of the 76 on the island to be automated. On June 18, 1991, keeper Francis McIntosh was officially replaced by technology. This is the only lighthouse where you can actually go outside on the top observation deck. Beautiful views of the town and the ferry going in or out, wonderful photo opportunity but again as in most lighthouses the stairs are rather tricky and steep. The Lighthouse contains a large sea glass interpretative display about the history and formation of sea glass.  Run by the Souris Harbour Authority.

 


9.  East Point Lighthouse built in 1866 –  East Point Lighthouse 1At the end of Lighthouse Road in Elmira.  It is situated on the extreme eastern end of Prince Edward Island where the mighty tides of the St. Lawrence and Northumberland Strait meet to create a show of nature’s force. The most spectacular part of the convergence takes place at high tide for great photo ops. The lighthouse is well preserved and there is a small gift shop and cafe/bar adjacent, serving great local beer and plenty of parking.  Many visitors come to the site to view the spectacular scenery and tour the lighthouse during the summer months. The Friends of Elmira, a local non-profit group, operate the lighthouse during the summer.


 

10.  Indian Head Lighthouse – Indian Head Lighthouse in Summerside was built in 1881. Because of the small landmass it had to sit on, it was built with a keeper’s residence on the ground floor with its light jutting out of the roof of its octagonal structure. Despite the fact that there was a residence, none of the keepers who manned the light ever lived there full-time. Most rowed or sailed back and forth to the light every day.   In 1997, the lighthouse was decommissioned when Confederation Bridge opened to traffic.Indian Head Lighthouse print

In recent decades, a helicopter has typically been used to access the lighthouse when maintenance or repairs are required.  Still fully operational but not really accessible though if you wait till low tide you can walk out over the boulders to the lighthouse.  Not a beach walk for sure. Plans are afoot for the City of Summerside to take ownership of the lighthouse and promote as a tourist attraction for the City.


LIGHTHOUSES TO MAKE THE NATIONAL HERITAGE LIST ARE:

1. Brighton Front Range in Charlottetown.

2. Cape Bear in Murray Harbour.

3. Cape Tryon Lighthouse in Park Corner.

4.  Covehead Harbour Light.

5. Northport Rear Range.

6. Panmure Head Lighthouse.

7. Point Prim Lighthouse.

 

10 Tidbits on Mount Rushmore

Located near the Badlands of South Dakota sits a majestic monument to the progression of the U.S. from its formation as a country to the great nation it used to be circa 2016 represented by four of the most recognizable faces of past Presidents.

Mount RushmoreGeorge Washington (1789 – 1797) was chosen because he was the nation’s founding father and first President.  President Washington laid down the ground work for what  today is known as democracy. He led his countryman to the American Revolution to win freedom against Great Britain. For his accomplishments he is the most prominent face on Mount Rushmore.  (This may soon change with the face of Donald Trump being carved into the space by George Washington – just kidding, I hope).

Thomas Jefferson (1743–1826) was chosen to represent expansion, because he was the president who signed the Louisiana Purchase and authored the Declaration of Independence.  He put together and wrote the document that not only inspires democracy in the U.S., but around the world. Writing the declaration of independence is a pretty big accomplishment which definitely made the third President a strong candidate to have his face engraved on Mount Rushmore.

Theodore Roosevelt (1858–1919) was chosen because he represented conservation and the industrial blossoming of the nation.  President Roosevelt, the 26th president brought the right kind of leadership to the country as the century turned. The U.S. experienced quick growth from an economic standpoint and President Roosevelt was there to guide it. He was one of the reasons the Panama Canal was built, connecting the east to west. He also helped eliminate corporate monopolies and was a strong advocate for the common working man.

Abraham Lincoln (1809–1865) was chosen because he led the country through the Civil War and believed in preserving the nation at any cost.  President Lincoln was the glue that kept our nation together during one of it’s most trying periods, the Civil War. He was behind the abolishing of slavery which was probably his biggest accomplishment as the 16th president of the United States.


  1.   The construction of Mount Rushmore National Memorial took 14 years, from 1927 to 1941.
  2.   Historian Doane Robinson conceived the idea for Mount Rushmore in 1923 to promote tourism in South Dakota. In 1924, Robinson persuaded sculptor Gutzon Borglum to travel to the Black Hills region to ensure the carving could be accomplished.  The mountain that Borglum chose to carve was known to the local Lakota as the “Six Grandfathers.”  It had also been known as Cougar Mountain, Sugarloaf Mountain, Slaughterhouse Mountain, and Keystone Cliffs, depending who you asked.
  3.   The mountain itself, at an elevation of 5,725 feet (1,745 metres), was named in 1885 for Charles E. Rushmore, a New York lawyer. The memorial, which covers 2 square miles (5 square km), was designated in 1925 and dedicated in 1927.
  4.   Despite dangerous conditions, not one of the 400 men who worked to forge the monument died during the entire project.  The men who worked on the mountain were miners who had come to the Black Hills looking for gold.  Although they weren’t artists, they did know how to use dynamite and jackhammers.

    The average workers salary on Mount Rushmore was .45 to .75 cents an hour. Talk about some affordable labor. The chief carver Luigi Del Bianco was paid $1.50 an hour.

  5.   Construction on Mount Rushmore—consisting of 90% dynamite blasts—began in 1927. The four faces of the presidents were slowly finished between the years of 1934 and 1939. Borglum died in 1941, leaving his son, Lincoln, to head up the project. But that didn’t much matter—construction ended in October 1941 when the project ran out of money. (The U.S. entered World War II not long after, which likely would’ve ended construction on the site anyway.)
  6.   The head of George Washington is 60 feet tall with a nose that is 21 feet tall. Theodore Roosevelt’s head is slightly smaller, Abraham Lincoln’s is slightly taller. Each of the eyes on Mount Rushmore are about 11 feet wide. Each mouth is about 18 feet wide.  Imagine climbing 506 steps to reach the top of Mount Rushmore-this was how many steps the workers had to climb each day!   The height of a six-story building!
  7.  A cave called the ‘Hall of Records’ sits behind the monument and contains a vault of 16 porcelain enamel panels with text of the Declaration of Independence, the Constitution, biographies of the 4 presidents and Borglum, and history of the U.S.

  8. The ‘Hall of Records’ played a role in the plot of the 2007 movie National Treasure: Book of Secrets, starring Nicolas Cage.  Mount Rushmore was also used as a key backdrop in the 1959 Cary Grant movie North by Northwest, directed by Alfred Hitchcock.
  9.   The total cost of creating the Rushmore sculpture was $989,992.32, which included wages for 400 workers.  About 84% of it was paid for by the federal government.  Less than a million but irreplaceable!
  10.   Mount Rushmore National Memorial is open yearround with only the Sculptor’s Studio closed from October – April. Visitors in the winter will find it far less crowded –  roughly 5% of the visitors coming through the gates during December – March that would come through in July or August.  The day we were there it was very foggy and we were lucky to get a shot of it at all.

             This giant monument is celebrating its 78th anniversary in 2019

Capilano Suspension Bridge

Capilano BridgeOne of the attractions of the beautiful City of Vancouver, BC is the Capilano Suspension Bridge in North Vancouver.

Vancouver is a beautiful city—whether you’re talking about the mountains, forests, and ocean or the glistening modern skyline of glass skyscrapers. There’s a reason so many films and TV shows are shot on location in and around Vancouver. If it’s scenery you want, this is the place.


Only 15 minutes from downtown Vancouver across the iconic Lions Gate Bridge to North Vancouver lies the  Capilano Suspension Bridge, originally built in 1889 hanging 450 feet (137m) across and 230 feet (70m) above Capilano River offering breathtaking views to the canyon floor below.

This is a popular tourist site so plan accordingly to avoid long lines.

The park offers more than just the bridge. Its surrounding 27 acres celebrate nature, history and culture in unique and thrilling ways.
On Treetops Adventure venture from one magnificent old growth Douglas-fir to another on a series of seven elevated suspension bridges, reaching as high as 110 feet (33m), for a squirrel’s eye view of the forest. Guides, signage and interactive exhibits throughout the park help you in your understanding of rain forest ecosystems and their sustainability.

The view from the bridge is spectacular, and while there is minor bounce, it’s relatively easy to navigate. The bridge is reminiscence of the one in Indiana Jones’ Temple of Doom “Hang on, lady. We going for a ride”. Equally, or even better, is the single-file walk on Cliffwalk, which follows a granite precipice along the river with a series of narrow cantilevered bridges, stairs and platforms offering views at every turn.
There are other trails on the other side of the suspension bridge.
  • There are 9 different types of trees in Capilano Suspension Bridge Park! There are 2,014 Douglas fir, 157 Western Red Cedar, and 144 Western Hemlock.
  • The suspension bridge can hold 97 elephants. That’s 203 moose, or 4520 beavers.
       HISTORY

CapilanoIn 1888, a Scottish civil engineer and real estate developer named George Grant Mackay purchased 24 square kilometres of old growth forest on both sides of the Capilano River just north of the city and built a cabin at the southern edge of the canyon. The 65-year-old engineer hired two local Coast Salish natives to help with the construction of the first bridge in 1889 that was made from hemp and cedar planks.  Ten years after Mackay’s death in 1903, the bridge was replaced with one made of wire cable.

Rae Mitchell, bought the bridge in 1953. In 1956, he rebuilt the bridge completely, strengthening the cables and the anchors.  In 1983, Mitchell sold the Capilano Suspension Bridge to his daughter, Nancy Stibbard who is still its present owner.

Tickets are rather pricey, a little under $50.00 but if you have young ones under 6, they can get in free.  I think this is worthwhile if you are going to do some hiking while you are there and maybe pack a picnic.  You definitely want to arrive early to avoid all the shuttles and crowds.

Note:  There is another similar bridge not far away, called the Lynn Canyon Suspension Bridge. In addition to being free and “just as nice as the Capilano bridge,” the Lynn Canyon bridge leads to some of the best walking trails in the area and is far less crowded.

Clipart Of A Leaf Inspirational Maple Leaf free graphics Flower Leaf Pinterest……………………………………………….the end!          Totems

A peek at a few of the many castles in Scotland

Today, I came across a box I had set aside with trinkets and guides and photos from when my husband and I took a month-long trip to Scotland.  When we returned to Canada, his mother who had emigrated here in the sixties remarked that we had seen way more of Scotland than she had in her lifetime!

It was a fantastic trip even though it rained most of the time – a lot like Vancouver that way so we were kind of used to it.  Besides, a lot of the castles and museums and galleries and pubs were indoor; so when it started to rain heavily we just popped inside and when we came out – it was still raining, who am I trying to kid!  Never-the-less a great trip which we hope to repeat again in the future.

One of the many things I had been looking forward to were seeing some of the many castles in Scotland – after a few weeks however, I was complaining about turning a corner and wasn’t there another blasted castle in front of us.  Lesson in this, be careful what you wish for, Ha! Ha!

I am going to break down our trip for the moment and just concentrate on some of the Castles we did see and which ones were worth the price of admission – some were free!  In the future, I would like to re-visit some of these castles and take photos with a drone as they are spectacular seen from a height.  When we first visited all our photos were on film, can you imagine, so we didn’t have the luxury of taking 15 shots of a castle and then deleting all but that spectacular shot that you did get by having a digital camera.

I’ll start with one of the nicest – and more a beautiful country manor than a castle.  We headed out from Glasgow down to Ayr which is about 45 minutes depending on who is driving – so a nice day or afternoon excursion.   Please click on link below for synopsis of castles we visited.  I hope you enjoy and that you will plan your own excursion over there as it is a beautiful country and the people may appear standoffish to start but are very friendly when engaged  – especially about their history and culture!  If you incorporate a side visit to Wales and Ireland – even better!

Castles of Scotland booklet